Why were space shuttle wings on bottom of earth?

Priscilla Turcotte asked a question: Why were space shuttle wings on bottom of earth?
Asked By: Priscilla Turcotte
Date created: Sun, Mar 28, 2021 1:24 PM

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Those who are looking for an answer to the question «Why were space shuttle wings on bottom of earth?» often ask the following questions:

❔ Why were space shuttle wings on bottom?

The space shuttle had wings because while it was launched vertically as part of “the stack”, it returned to Earth horizontally as an unpowered glider. Since it wasn't a capsule that was designed to be used only once, they had to have some way to have it re-enter and land safely. Ergo, they gave it delta wings. Here's a video on it.

❔ Why were space shuttle wings on bottom of plane?

Mostly because of the speeds that it was traveling at. The space shuttle re-entered the atmosphere at around 23 times the speed of sound, or Mach 23. Normal commercial airplanes barely travel at Mach .9. The wing shape was chosen because it is most efficient at high speeds, where the space shuttle spent most of its time.

❔ Why were space shuttle wings on bottom of ship?

The space shuttle had wings because while it was launched vertically as part of “the stack”, it returned to Earth horizontally as an unpowered glider. Since it wasn't a capsule that was designed to be used only once, they had to have some way to have it re-enter and land safely. Ergo, they gave it delta wings. Here's a video on it.

10 other answers

Next was the Shuttle’s heatshield. The bottom of the earlier Apollo capsule was the size of a large dining table. The area needing protection on the Shuttle was more like a tennis court. And when it came to re-entering the Earth’s atmosphere, that made a vast difference to the numbers NASA had to contend with.

The Space Shuttle is a Lifting Body. On August 12, 1977 a specially modified Boeing 747 jetliner was giving another aircraft a piggyback ride. Approximately 24,000 feet above the Mojave Desert a high-tech glider was released from its flying perch. It glided effortlessly without engine power to a smooth landing on the desert floor.

The difference in internal tire pressure in Earth's atmosphere and absence of atmospheric pressure in vacuum of space is only 4.3 - 4.9%. Tires would experience far more dynamic pressure environment due to friction heating and pressure of weight of the orbiter during landing (240,000 lbs / 109,000 kg) at contact speeds up to 260 mph (418 km/h) than those ~ 5%.

The idea of “wings in orbit” took concrete shape in the brilliant minds of NASA engineers, and Shuttle the result was the most innovative, elegant, versatile, and highly functional vehicle of its time. The shuttle was indeed an engineering Roberto Galvez marvel on many counts.

The space shuttle had wings because while it was launched vertically as part of “the stack”, it returned to Earth horizontally as an unpowered glider. Since it wasn't a capsule that was designed to be used only once, they had to have some way to have it re-enter and land safely. Ergo, they gave it delta wings. Here's a video on it.

Space Shuttle preparing for take-off. Image Credit: Alan Freed/Shutterstock.com. Endeavour was built as a result of the 1986 Challenger disaster which saw an O-ring seal in the solid rocket booster fail when the space shuttle lifted off. 73 seconds into its flight, the Challenger broke apart leaving no

On the morning of February 1st, 2003, the space shuttle Columbia broke up during re-entry, more than 200,000 feet above Texas. The subsequent investigation revealed the cause of the accident. During lift-off, pieces of foam insulation fell off the ET and struck the left wing. The insulation damaged the heat protection tiles on the wing.

Kevin Spencer. The Space Shuttle was designed so that it would return to land as a glider, potentially saving time and money in refurbishing it for reuse, just as with conventional aircraft. Landing anything in seawater, such as the Apollo spacecraft, would cause seawater-related damage to engines and electronics.

Before the Apollo 11 Moon landing in 1969, NASA began studies of Space Shuttle designs as early as October 1968. The early studies were denoted "Phase A", and in June 1970, "Phase B", which were more detailed and specific. The primary intended use of the Space Shuttle was supporting the future space station, ferrying a minimum crew of four and about 20,000 pounds of cargo, and able to be rapidly turned around for future flights. Two designs emerged as front-runners. One was designed by engineers

Upon inspection the Shuttle's bottom right wing was seen to be severely damaged in critical areas. Ultimately, the same fate would eventually be the result that destroyed the Space Shuttle Columbia in 2003, due to tile failures, which resulted in the Columbia being ripped apart on reentry.

Your Answer

We've handpicked 25 related questions for you, similar to «Why were space shuttle wings on bottom of earth?» so you can surely find the answer!

Why did the space shuttle have wings?

The investigation team found and reported that the probable cause of the accident was that during launch, a piece of foam debris punctured an RCC panel on the left wing's leading edge and allowed hot gases from the reentry to enter the wing and disintegrate the wing from within, leading to eventual loss of control and breakup of the shuttle. The Space Shuttle's thermal protection system received a number of controls and modifications after the disaster.

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Why does the space shuttle have wings?

It doesn't imply that the shuttle doesn't have wings or can't fly. Instead, it implies that the vehicle has blunt and non-smooth surfaces which creates tremendous drag (like a brick) and limits its glide ratio. For my talk on how to land the space shuttle, I created this visual, which I think captures the spirit of the nickname:

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See space shuttle from earth?

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Space shuttle return to earth?

Space Shuttle Atlantis returned to Earth on July 21, 2011, marking the end of the space shuttle program for NASA.

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How far space shuttle from earth to earth?

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Why did the space shuttle have delta wings?

  • The space shuttle had wings because while it was launched vertically as part of “the stack”, it returned to Earth horizontally as an unpowered glider. Since it wasn't a capsule that was designed to be used only once, they had to have some way to have it re-enter and land safely. [1] Ergo, they gave it delta wings.

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Why does the space shuttle have small wings?

The small wings make it fly like a brick. Without the wings it would fly like a stone. Seriously, you are taking the expression too literally. The Space Shuttle is landing like a glider plane with a (not so good) glide ratio of about 4.5:1 (see What was the Space Shuttle's glide ratio?). No brick would be able to achieve that.

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Were space shuttle boosters reused?

Continue Reading. It’s hard to give an exact answer, because the boosters were not kept as combined sets of parts. When the boosters were recovered, the individual segments were disassembled from each other for very thorough cleaning and refurbishing.

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When space shuttle were launched?

III-24 On April 12, 1981, the Space Shuttle launched for the first time, and was piloted by John Young and Robert Crippen. During the two-day mission, Young and Crippen tested equipment on board the shuttle, and found several of the ceramic tiles had fallen off the top side of the Columbia.

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Can space shuttle return to earth?

Yes, the Shuttle was able to abort during the ascent to orbit, although no major abort events ever took place (with one technical exception that we'll get to). There are two types of ascent abort modes , which are described in the events section of the Shuttle Reference Manual .

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Could space shuttle fly on earth?

The Space Shuttle was capable of leaving orbit in the downward direction only. By firing the orbital maneuvering engines retrograde, it would lower its orbit just enough to start hitting the atmosphere, where aerodynamic drag would then do the rest of the job of returning it to the ground.

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Does space shuttle glide to earth?

Originally Answered: Why does the space shuttle return to Earth with no engine power, effectively gliding down? First reason is that the shuttle needs to slow down a lot from its orbital speed to the landing speed. Powered descent makes no sense for the most of the trajectory.

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How far space shuttle from earth?

Basically, this mission was to test equipment in space. Shuttles can climb high altitudes with new technology that engineers have developed. As of now, typical shuttle flights range at around altitudes above 300 km. Andres Mok -- 2000

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How space shuttle land on earth?

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How space shuttle lands on earth?

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How space shuttle returns to earth?

To return to Earth the space shuttle must make a series of complicated manouevres to align itself into the correct position to achieve a safe descent. 1. The shuttle flies upside down in orbit to...

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Space shuttle wing area of earth?

Jerusalem — The Israeli newspaper Maariv on Monday published a picture of the American space shuttle Columbia apparently showing two cracks on its left wing. The. picture was taken 11 days ...

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View space shuttle orbit from earth?

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When we left earth space shuttle?

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Where's the space shuttle from earth?

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Do space shuttle astronauts were space suits?

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Does space shuttle glide to earth in space?

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Why are the wings of a space shuttle short?

  • The high forces and high heat dictate that the Shuttle has short, blunt wings. The Shuttle flies at a high angle of attack during re-entry to generate drag to dissipate speed. It executes hypersonic "S-turn" maneuvers to kill off speed during re-entry. The lift of the wings is only important in the final flare maneuver at touchdown.

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